In the most broadest terms, there are only two types of court cases in the United States, those pertaining to criminal law and those pertaining to civil law. Criminal law regulates social conduct and the punishment of those who threaten, harm or endanger the well being of others. Civil law emphasizes on dispute resolution and victim compensation. Civil law covers a very broad variety of situations and conflicts. There are just as many types of civil prosecution and defense lawyers specializing in each branch of the law. Here is some general information on the most common types of civil law attorneys and on when you may need to hire one yourself.
- Business Litigation
- Family Law
- Labor and Employment
The specialties of labor and employment lawyers include workers compensation, wage garnishment, and employment discrimination among others. If you are hurt at work and are not receiving your due compensation, labor and employment lawyers are who you want to contact. A personal injury lawyer provides legal representation to those who claim to have been injured, physically or psychologically, as a result of the negligence or wrongdoing of another person, company, government agency, or other entity.
Business litigation attorneys are those that cover commercial law. This applies to the rights, relations and conduct of persons and businesses dealing in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales. Litigation attorneys, especially corporate ones, are often tasked with far fewer court proceedings and more often are used to facilitate deals and advise executives. Business dispute lawyers are experts at solving conflicts between business, or between a business and a group or individual, that could involve pay disputes, copyright infringement, or differences over a contract.
Family courts cover anything from divorce to child custody laws to guardianship to emancipation. In the U.S., the divorce rate for a first marriage is a staggering 41 percent. Divorce attorneys are those that specialize in defending the finances, property and child custody rights of parents during acrimonious separations. The top five reasons for divorce in include communication problems, infidelity, financial problems, abuse and loss of interest. According to a study released in 2012, the divorce rates among couples who divide household chores equally is actually twice as high as those in which the wife handles such duties.